Coastal Access Toolkit
What planning process exists for securing access in waterfront towns? More...
Government & Public Entities
Municipalities and governments have unique tools available for creating and maintaining access, such as land use planning and regulations that protect natural resources and water quality. Governments have authority from several fundamental legal doctrines to use their regulatory power on behalf of the public, with restrictions.
How can state and local governments plan for coastal access?
Comprehensive planning and harbor planning ordinances can reduce the types of development that are incompatible with access and provide incentives for developers to provide access to the public. See Plan and Regulate for Access.
How can we enhance existing or create new coastal access in our jurisdiction?
- Purchase land with water access. Go to Acquiring and Transferring Access.
- Establish land use regulations to create or enhance access. Go to Zoning for Access.
- Use taxation to generate funding for coastal access. Go to Using Tax Policy for Access.
How can we secure or manage existing public access?
What is the role of land trusts as public interest entities in planning, enhancing, creating, securing and managing access?
Land Trusts and conservation organizations can serve as third party interests in addressing access issues. For more information, contact the New Jersey Conservation Foundation, the Land Trust Alliance, and The Trust for Public Lands.
Where can I find more information?
Full text of laws and regulations including the Wetlands Act, Waterfront Development Act, Coastal Area Facility Review Act (CAFRA), Tidelands Act, Coastal Zone Management Rules and others (NJDEP Division of Land Use Regulation)
Public Access in New Jersey: The Public Trust Doctrine and Practical Steps to Enhance Public Access (NJDEP Coastal Management Program)